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Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Facts About Heart Disease and Stroke:

1 IN 3 DEATHS
or more than 859,000
people each year.

$214
BILLION

in health care system costs.

$137
BILLION

in lost productivity on the job
from premature death.

Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke

High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol
About 78 million U.S. adults have high blood pressure and approximately half of them have it under control. Eating too much sodium can lead to high blood pressure.
Nearly 86 million U.S. adults should be taking medicine to help manage their high LDL cholesterol, but only 55% are. Individuals can improve their blood pressure and cholesterol by eating a healty diet and being physically active.
Diabetes
After a period of time, high blood sugar from diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the
heart and can block blood vessels leading to the brain, causing a stroke.
Almost 3 in 4 people who have diabetes also have high blood pressure and cholesterol.
Smoking and Secondhand Smoke Exposure
Smoking accounts for 1 in every 4 deaths associated with heart disease and stroke. Increases the number of triglycerides and lowering the HDL cholesterol, also known as the "good" cholesterol.
Damages cells that line the blood vessels. Increases plaque buildup in blood vessels.
Thickens and narrows the blood vessels.

Visit Eastern Idaho Public Health's Tobacco Cessation Program to find out how you can quit smoking.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Signs of a Stroke

How to Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke
Talk with your health care provider to determine your risk.

Eat a healthy diet.

Be physically active. Watch your weight.
Live tobacco-free. Manage conditions.
Take your medicine properly. Be a team player to create a healthier life.

For more information on how to prevent heart disease and stroke, click here.

Return to Diabetes Main Page